I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to the supervisor of this work, Mr. Prince Charles Opoku who gave me this great opportunity to this wonderful project on the topic, “An assessment of media report on anti-corruption campaign”.
Doing the research, it helped me to come and know about so many new things and I am thankful to him.
I would also like to thank those who helped me a lot in finalising this project within the limited time frame.
This research was supported/partially supported by Nhyira 104.5 FM, Ultimate 106.9 FM, Hello 101.5 FM, Bohye 95.3 FM, Gye Nyame 94.5 FM, Kessben 93.3 FM and KETH Media News
I strongly dedicate this work to God Almighty, my creator, my strong pillar, my source of inspiration and wisdom.
My love for you all can never be quantified. God bless you.
This research work has not been previously submitted for the award of any degree in this institution or any other University.
All right reserved.
Writer/Journalist: Asare Kingsley
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH
The purpose of this research is meant to assess the media reportage and it role in anti corruption campaign
OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH
To benefit not only mass communication students but also media practitioners on how they can and will use the media to fight against corruption.
It will also enable the government, GJA, NCA and NMC, the need to give the press enough freedom to exercise their day-to-day activities on the fight against corruption in the country.
To solve corruption cases in Ghana.
How will you explain social corruption?
How do you understand the term, anti-corruption?
Do you think the media has been given adequate power in their coverage of fighting against corruption?
Has Ghana radio stations given prominence to the anti-corruption agencies?
What kind of tone is used on air in the media’s reportage on anti-corruption campaign?
Is the image of the convicts dominates in media reports on anti-corruption campaign?
What image of the convicted person dominates in the reports?
Ghana has become a country serving host to the victory of bad over light, falsehood over the truth and supremacy of personal irresponsibility over core values. Without doubt, Ghana is bleeding fraud of corruption.
However, nothing bad that truth cannot come out from it. The media has been the watchdog, ”dig up holes” to fetch the truth and dirt for the public and the right administrative body.
The media such as the radio, television, internet and the print is far reaching medium to the numerous citizens.
To this effect, the media such as the radio has been found effective in influencing people opinions and ideas on government activities. The media has been employed in propagating programs that geared towards righting the wrongs in the country, Ghana.
Nevertheless, in a country like Ghana where the government put so much emphasis in the fight against corruption with nothing to show for it such that, the globally respected “transparency international” has consistently mounted Ghana as one of the best corrupt country in Africa.
– What does the media intends to report in anti-corruption campaign?
– How does the media report anti-corruption campaign?
This work is to assess the media report on anti-corruption campaign.
The radio stations in Kumasi, Ashanti region of Ghana, were examined by their reports on anti-corruption campaign.
With regards to the top higher ranked radio stations in Kumasi that were examined, the research proves that 10% radio stations do not report anti-corruption campaign, since they operate as Christian stations.1% report anti-corruption campaign to favour a certain party and or government.89% stations report anti-corruption campaign.
The 89% stations were found keen in support of the anti-corruption agencies. It is also clear that these stations report anti-corruption campaign to scare others of committing similar crime in the country.
The media, in their report is highly against corruption and is willing to work extra hand with the anti-corruption agencies. But due to ownership of the various radio stations with little regularity to support their activities, it becomes difficult in their reports on anti-corruption campaign.
The media is also not well related with the anti-corruption agencies in Ghana, as found in their report.
The anti-corruption agencies do not value the credibility of the media in the fight against corruption. The media report shows that, they are not fully related to the anti-corruption agencies.
The media has been regarded as the tool to fight against corruption but yet, it has failed to educate the public on their role to the fourth estate of the ream.
A report in a newsletter from Gye Nyame FM 94.5, 2 men broke into their premises to shout everything down, because the station was reporting anti-corruption issue. This acknowledges that the public is unaware of the media’s duty in the state of the fight against corruption.
Previous recordings that were made available, 90% stations expressed concerns and opinions with regards to the anti-corruption agencies and their campaigns.
There were reports by the media, showing that the GJA, NMC and NCA laws guiding their activities are not enough to speed up the development of the country to fight against corruption.
Patrick Obeng, a journalist and a morning show host, said corruption is too serious in Ghana. He said,” corruption is when you influence someone with materials to gain positive effect”.
Patrick advises that, “corruption defers from gift and it depends on the organisation that one find himself in”.
He said, “the media in fighting against corruption is the best as it is a far reaching medium”.
“The station owners should join the ministry of communications and the national media commission to assist each journalist a lawyer in terms of trouble”,Obeng said.
He further stated that “the constitution do not give we the media the full power in the fight against corruption”. Added to the fact that there is few coverage in the media, fighting against corruption in the country.
Patrick Obeng suggested that the government should come out with some measures with regards to the “court procedures and empower the media as a legitimate body set by the constitution like the police service to help and eliminate corruption in Ghana”. He added.
He said, “In the report of the media on anti-corruption campaign, the media should mature the voice so as to help scare others, knowing the effect that may come to them on corruption”.
Obeng concluded that the image of the convicts should be “paint black, serving as a warning to others”.
Nana Wiafe Akenten, a media practitioner and precisely an Akan news caster also expresses his concerns on the media reportage on anti-corruption campaign.
In a section of discussion, Nana Wiafe said “Corruption is not just taken money from someone but using your position for personal gains”.
Nana Wiafe added, “Ghana journalists are well using the media to fight against corruption in the country”.
He said anti-corruption is “the fight against corruption”.
Wiafe said, “there is inadequacy for media coverage in anti-corruption campaign”. He cited an example with the ace investigative journalist, Anas Aremeyaw Anas recent expose’ on the Ghana Football Association (GFA).He said, “The way people in politics criticise the work of his profession do not leads to good development. And more precisely, it do not help the media to fully function as it core duty is to be the watchdog to the three arms of government”.
Wiafe disclosed that the media has failed “to work with the anti-corruption institutions such as the Imani Ghana, Ghana Anti-Corruption Agency and the Police”.
He added, “though the media is a far reaching platform but could work properly, if the media would have work with the anti-corruption agencies on a smooth grounds, hence promoting development of the state.”
He stated that, “the prominence of the media to anti-corruption agency is too low and should be back up.”
“The media reportage on anti-corruption campaign could be on both sides, as good and bad”. He said.
He however said, “it is always good to notify a corrupt victim and when refuse then in the reportage, you voice out higher to let the person understand that you work for the public and not selfish gains.”
He added that, “It becomes disheartened, hearing a colleague journalist accepting bribe and fighting to promote corruption.”
Wiafe said that, “it is good to voice up for others to know, when they are also found in corruption or bribery, similar things will happen to them.”
He advice that, the media should take note when reporting corruption case. “It is only the courts who prosecute and the media should use the court verdict when one is found corrupt. Journalists should use the word “alleges”, without the court verdict. “He added.
Nana Wiafe said,” the media paint the victims image as result of shame and jail.”
Adding to this, Wiafe concluded, “the image of the convicts sometimes goes beyond it family and the society. “Adding to that, he said “the media is indeed helping to fight against corruption.”
Maame Tiwaah, a multiple award winning journalist, expressed her experiences and concerns on the media to the fight against corruption.
In an exclusive interview, Maame Tiwaah explained, “Corruption in Ghana will never stop till Ghanaians change their attitudes of the create, loots and share.”
Maame Tiwaah said, “Anti-corruption is the fight against corruption”. Adding to that, she said, “The media is responsible as the fourth armed of government to eliminate corruption”.
“The media coverage on anti-corruption campaign is quite good but the politicians try to make things harder with their criticisms”. She said.
Tiwaah added, “The politicians are not helping the media in their fight against corruption. And it does not help to promote good democracy in the country”.
Tiwaah said the media as tool and a big platform to fight against corruption “is not function” to promote good anti-corruption campaign”.
It is however challenging, that “the media ownership and other shareholders in the media, making things difficult to fight against corruption”. She said.
“Most journalists do not even know the anti-corruption agencies in Ghana which then becomes poor to the media, working lone to the fight against corruption”. Tiwaah added.
She said in the media reports on anti-corruption campaign, the tone use to report “is good but it then becomes difficult to judge when there is no court verdict”.
Tiwaah suggested that, “if you one is found victim to corruption, the government should not interfere but should go to court directly for instant justice, “affirming to help prevent people of committing corruption to degrade the development of Ghana.
She concluded that, “the image of the convicts should be much dominates in the media report.”
Nana Kwabena Abroampa, a known journalist and Akan news caster added his deepest concerns on the media report on anti-corruption campaign.
Nana Kwabena defined corruption as, “an illegal means of marketing in kind or cash by working heads personnel”.
He commended and cited on Anas and Kwasi Nyantakyi issues. He added, “Kwasi Nyantakyi was a leader in various fields and he used his power and authority for ‘selfish’ interest”.
Nana Kwabena added, “Anti-corruption is the way to curb and fight against corruption in the country”.
Speaking in an interview, he said, “The media have been given low power in their coverage to fight against corruption.”
He further stated,” The media report corrupt institutions and personnels, if you (the journalist) is not careful, you can be killed at night”.
Nana Kwabena added,” though the constitution of Ghana do not disenfranchise the media to fight against corruption. It is a great challenge to the media to risk their life of fighting corruption in a poor security of their life in the country’s constitution.”
“The media reports perfect in their tone use on air on corruption cases. The media report people who are found corrupt and as a result, others become scared and some go to jail.” He said.
Kwabena Abroampa added that the media can help to curb corruption in Ghana,” when the tone used in reporting is matured.”
In conclusion, he said, “the image of the convict in the media report is not dominate, and I think it should be improve so as to do anything to stop corruption in Ghana.”
The media is doing all that it takes to help stop corruption in Ghana. Since it has been well noted that corruption has destroyed many things feature for development of Ghana.
The media suggested that, the government should provide lawyers for each media house so in terms of difficulties such as assault can be stop.
The media plead to the government, National Communications Authority, National Media Commission and the Ghana Journalists Association to put some measures with regards to media ownership and broadcasting.
The media furthered that they should be give full adequacy in their coverage of anti-corruption campaign by law.
Above it all, the media is calling on the President and the parliament to sign the Right To Information Bill into law, hence making it easier for them to fight against corruption with no cost.
The media is highly motivated to help educate the public on its core duties and about the anti-corruption agencies towards unity and development of this country, Ghana.
By Asare Kingsley